RESPON MIKROFAUNA (OSTRACODA) TERHADAP KONDISI LINGKUNGAN SEKITAR PULAU BANGKA, SULAWESI UTARA

Kresna Tri Dewi, Godwin Latuputty, Yusuf Adam Priohandono, Catur Purwanto

Abstract


Ostracoda merupakan kelompok mikro-organisme yang dapat terawetkan dalam sedimen dasar laut, termasuk dasar perairan sekitar Pulau Bangka, Sulawesi Utara. Pulau ini terkenal akan keindahan alam bawah laut dan penambangan bijih besi di kawasan pesisir. Perubahan lingkungan di pesisir tersebut secara tidak langsung berpengaruh terhadap kondisi dasar perairan laut sebagai habitat biota. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui respon ostracoda terhadap perubahan lingkungan perairan tersebut. Studi ini menggunakan 10 sampel sedimen dasar laut hasil cucian dilanjutkan dengan analisa mikropaleontologi (tahap penjentikan, identifikasi spesies, penghitungan spesimen dari setiap spesies, pengolahan data, dokumentasi spesimen) dan analisa sedimentologi (SEM-EDX). Keterdapatan Bairdopillata, Neonesidea, Paranesidea dan Quadracythere (BL16-010) yang hidup berasosiasi dengan kondisi terumbu karang mencerminkan suatu perairan dalam kondisi cukup bagus. Di titik lokasi lain (BL16-015 dan BL16-030) ditemukan mikrofauna dengan cangkang abnormal (rusak, kehitaman) yang mengandung C (59-86%), Al2O3(2%), SiO2 (1-7%), dan MnO (2%). Dijumpainya cangkang abnormal merupakan salah satu respon mikrofauna terhadap perubahan lingkungan di daerah penelitian.


Kata Kunci: ostracoda, cangkang abnormal, SEM-EDX, Pulau Bangka, Sulawesi Utara

 

Ostracoda is a group of micro-organism that could be preserved in marine sediments, including on the seafloor of Bangka Island, North Sulawesi. This island is famous as beautiful underwater place and iron mining in the coastal area. The environmental changes in the coastal area indirectly influence the seafloor condition as biotic habitats. The purpose of this study is to know the response of ostracoda to this coastal environmental change. This study used ten washed residue of surface sediment samples followed by micropaleontological analysis (picking, identification of species, specimen calculation every species, data processing, specimen documentation), and sedimentological analysis (SEM-EDX). The occurrences of Bairdopillata, Neonesidea, Paranesidea dan Quadracythere (BL16-010) that associated with coral reef communities reflect a good marine condition. In another sampling location (BL16-015 and BL16-030), it is found abnormal microfaunas (broken, blackish) that composed of C (59-86%), Al2O3 (2%), SiO2 (1-7%), and MnO (2%). The finding of these abnormal shells is one of the microfaunal response to environmental changes in the study area.
Keywords : ostracoda, abnormal shell, SEM-EDX,Bangka Island, North Sulawesi


Keywords


ostracoda; cangkang abnormal; SEM-EDX;Pulau Bangka; Sulawesi Utara

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