Reservoir Characterization Using Acoustic Impedance Inversion and Multi-Attribute Analysis in Nias Waters, North Sumatra

Fathkhurozak Yunanda Rifai, Tumpal Bernhard Nainggolan, Henry Munandar Manik


Seismic method is one of the most frequently applied geophysical methods in the process of oil and gas exploration. This research is conducted in Nias Waters, North Sumatra using one line 2D post-stack time migration seismic section and two wells data. Reservoir characterization is carried out to obtain physical parameters of rocks affected by fluid and rock lithology. Seismic inversion is used as a technique to create acoustic impedance distribution using seismic data as input and well data as control. As final product, multi-attribute analysis is applied to integrate of inversion results with seismic data to determine the lateral distribution of other parameters contained in well data. In this research, multi-attribute analysis is used to determine the distribution of NPHI as a validation of hydrocarbon source rocks. In that area, there is a gas hydrocarbon prospect in limestone lithology in depth around 1450 ms. Based on the results of sensitivity analysis, cross-plot between acoustic impedance and NPHI are sensitive in separating rock lithology, the target rock in the form of limestone has physical characteristics in the form of acoustic impedance values in the range of 20,000-49,000 ((ft/s)*(g/cc)) and NPHI values in the range of 5-35 %. While the results of the cross-plot between the acoustic impedance and resistivity are able to separate fluid-containing rocks with resistivity values in the range about 18-30 ohmm. The result of acoustic impedance inversion using the model based method shows the potential for hydrocarbons in the well FYR-1 with acoustic impedance in the range 21,469-22,881 ((ft/s)*(gr/cc)).


multi-attribute; limestone; acoustic impedance inversion; resistivity; Nias Waters

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